Posted on August 29, 2016October 1, 2017 by Robert RadfordAnswer: Footnotes and Punctuation Marks Answer Before defending my point of view, it is of the upmost importance to say that in the world of reference notes, many different methods exist and several “Écoles de pensée” (Schools of thought) have their own little system for including and representing their references to their papers. Some thinkers are also against the use of any form of footnotes or endnotes and include their sources directly in the text. Now, even if I don’t agree with every school of thought, I respect them all. This being said, it doesn’t change the fact that you want your source to be included properly to your paper, you want it to respect a certain methodology and you want your readers to understand easily and clearly where you got your information without invading your text. To that regard, my method includes the possibility to use the MLA or APA styles. Many institutions ask their researchers, newspaper agents, scientists, employees, etc., to put the reference numbers before the period and never after the end of the sentence. Here are two examples: 1 Perspective Afrique (a scientific review, in French): http://www.perspaf.org/index.php/Guide_redactionnel/24/0/ « Appel de note : pas d’espace entre le numéro de l’appel et l’élément visé par la note ; si le numéro de l’appel vient à la fin d’une phrase, il est placé avant le point ». Translation: Note numbering: no space between the number and the textual source; if the number comes at the end of a sentence, it must be included before the period. 2 Université Laval (Canada): http://www.com.ulaval.ca/publications_liens/etudes_com_publique/normes.php « Appel de note : pas d’espace entre le numéro de l’appel et l’élément visé par la note ; si le numéro de l’appel vient à la fin d’une phrase, il est placé avant le point ». Translation: Note numbering: no space between the number and the textual source; if the number comes at the end of a sentence, it must be included before the period. Regarding your Office debate, I wouldn’t go on a crusade with this. Hence, you won’t be able to settle it once and for all based uniquely on scientific methodology. You’ll have to decide, probably by voting on it (democracy!), which format your office will use in the future. Version française | English version | Multilingual PrintFacebookGoogleTwitterMorePocketLinkedInSkypeEmail Related Footnotes / Endnotes F.A.Q.Citing a Book Written by Numerous Authors Citing the Back Cover of a Book Endnotes' Procedure and Number of References Footnote for a Foreword Footnote Regarding an Expert Author's Paragraph Footnotes and Copyright Protected Documents Footnotes and Direct References Footnotes and Official Letters Footnotes and Punctuation Marks Footnoting a Citation from a Translated Book Numbering and Continuation of Footnotes Positioning of the Number Proper Reference for the Transcription of a Conference Proper Use of the Ibid. Terminology Quoting a Book's Section Written by a Single Author Quoting from a Dictionary Quoting from a Website Reference for a Scholar's Lecture Reference for an Essay Published in a Book with Many Authors Referencing Photos and Pictures Two Footnotes in a Single Sentence Using a Source More Than Once Featuring Top 22/22 of Footnotes / Endnotes F.A.Q.